The Islamic state cancer of modern capitalism

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[justify]The "Islamic State" is a stark symptom of the worsening crisis of a civilization based on the reliance on fossil fuels, which undermines Western hegemony and undermines the authority of the states in the Muslim world[/justify]

[justify]The debate on the origins of the Islamic state has largely fluctuated between two extreme points of view. Some accuse the West: the Islamic state is nothing more than a predictable reaction to the occupation of Iraq, another backlash of Western foreign policy. Others attribute simply the emergence of the Islamic State for historical or cultural barbarism of the Muslim world, including beliefs and backward medieval values are a natural incubator of such violent extremism.[/justify]

[justify]While this debate continues commonplace in a monotone, the biggest evidence that nobody wants to see concerns the physical infrastructure. Everyone can nourish evil thoughts, horrible or disgusting. But they remain mere fantasies unless we find a way to manifest concretely in the world around us.[/justify]

[justify]Thus, to understand how the ideology that animates the Islamic State managed to gather material resources to conquer a space larger than the United Kingdom, we must examine more closely the material context.[/justify]

[justify]Follow the money[/justify]

[justify]The foundations of the ideology of al-Qaida were born in the 1970s Abdullah Azzam, a Palestinian mentor of Osama bin Laden, then formulated a new theory to justify continuing an ongoing war and low intensity by cells Mujahideen deployed in favor of a pan-Islamic state. Violent Islamist doctrines of Abdallah Azzam were popularized in the context of the invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviets.[/justify]

[justify]As we know, the Afghan mujahideen were trained and networks funded under the supervision of the CIA, MI6 and the Pentagon.The Gulf States have made considerable sums of money, while the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan liaised on the ground with activists coordinated networks Azzam, bin Laden and others.[/justify]

[justify]The Reagan administration, for example provided $ 2 billion to the Afghan mujahedeen, supplemented by a contribution of $ 2 billion from Saudi Arabia.[/justify]

[justify]In Afghanistan, USAID has invested millions of dollars to provide students' textbooks filled with violent images and militant Islamic teachings, "according to the Washington Post. Theology justifying violent jihad was interspersed with "drawings with guns, bullets, soldiers and mines." Textbooks even boasted divine rewards offered to children "arracheraient eyes of the Soviet enemy and would cut his legs."[/justify]

[justify]According to popular belief, this disastrous configuration of a collaboration between the West and the Muslim world in financing Islamic extremists would have ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union. As I explained in testimony to Congress a year after the release of the report of the Commission on September 11, the popular belief is erroneous.[/justify]

[justify]The protection of blackmail[/justify]

[justify]A classified report of US intelligence revealed by the journalist Gerald Posner, confirmed that the US was fully aware that a secret agreement was reached in April 1991 between Saudi Arabia and bin Laden, then in arrest. Under the agreement, bin Laden was allowed to leave the kingdom with his supporters and funding and to continue to receive financial support from the Saudi royal family provided only to refrain from targeting and destabilize the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia itself.[/justify]

[justify]Far from being remote observers of this secret agreement, the United States and Great Britain have actively participated.[/justify]

[justify]The massive supply of oil from Saudi Arabia is the foundation of health and growth of the global economy. We could not allow ourselves to be destabilized, so we had to accept this compromise: to protect the kingdom, he had to leave the fund bin Laden outside its borders.[/justify]

[justify]As the British historian Mark Curtis the minutely described in his sensational book, Secret Affairs: Britain's Collusion with Radical Islam, the US Government and the United Kingdom continued to secretly support networks affiliated with al-Qaeda in Central Asia and the Balkans after the Cold War, for the same reasons as before, namely the fight against Russian influence, and now China, to extend American hegemony over the capitalist world economy.Saudi Arabia, the largest oil platform in the world, has remained through this Anglo-American strategy thoughtless.[/justify]

[justify]In Bosnia[/justify]

[justify]Curtis tells a year after the attack on the World Trade Center in 1993, Osama bin Laden has opened an office in the district of Wembley, London, under the name of "Advice and Reformation Committee", from which he coordinated extremist activities worldwide.[/justify]

[justify]Around the same time, the Pentagon has airlifted thousands of mujahideen of al Qaeda Central Asia to Bosnia, violating the arms embargo imposed by the UN, according to the files of the intelligence services Dutch. These fighters were accompanied by US special forces. The "blind sheikh" who was convicted for the attack on the World Trade Center was deeply involved in the recruitment and sending of al-Qaeda fighters in Bosnia.[/justify]

[justify]In Afghanistan[/justify]

[justify]From about 1994 until September 11, US military intelligence as well as Britain, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, secretly supplied arms and funds to the Taliban, which harbored al Qaeda.[/justify]

[justify]In 1997, Amnesty International lamented the existence of "political ties" between the Taliban militia in place, which had conquered Kabul and the United States. The human rights group has made reference to credible accounts "on madrasas (religious schools) attended by the Taliban in Pakistan," indicating that "these links may have been established at the very beginning of the Taliban movement ".[/justify]

[justify]Amnesty reported that these reports came from Benazir Bhutto, then Prime Minister of Pakistan; the latter, now deceased, had "said madrasas were set up by Britain, the US, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan during the jihad, the Islamic resistance against the occupation Afghanistan by the Soviets. " Under American tutelage, Saudi Arabia continued to fund these madrassas.[/justify]

[justify]The textbooks written by the US government to indoctrinate Afghan children with the ideology of violent jihad during the Cold War were then approved by the Taliban. They were integrated into the core curriculum of the Afghan school system and widely used in the Pakistani militant madrasas financed by Saudi Arabia and Pakistan's ISI with the support of the United States.[/justify]

[justify]The Clinton and Bush administrations had hoped to use the Taliban to establish a puppet regime in the country, like their Saudi benefactor. The vain hope manifestly unfounded and was a Taliban government provides the necessary stability to install a trans-Afghan pipeline (TAPI) carrying the gas from Central Asia to South Asia, while skirting Russia, China and Iran.[/justify]

[justify]These hopes were dashed three months before September 11, when the Taliban rejected US proposals. The TAPI project was then blocked due to the uncompromising control Kandahar and Quetta by Taliban; However, this project is now being finalized under the direction of the Obama administration.[/justify]

[justify]In Kosovo[/justify]

[justify]Mark Curtis says that NATO continued to sponsor affiliates al Qaeda networks in Kosovo in the late 1990s, when the US and British special forces supplied with weapons and trained the rebel Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), which included the mujahideen recruits. These numbers counted a rebel cell led by Mohammed al-Zawahiri, the brother of bin Laden's right-hand man, Ayman al-Zawahiri, now the leader of al Qaeda.[/justify]

[justify]In the same period, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri have coordinated the 1998 attacks against the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania since bin Laden's London office.[/justify]

[justify]However, there was some good news: NATO's interventions in the Balkans, combined with the disintegration of socialist Yugoslavia, opened the way for the integration of the region into Western Europe, privatization of local markets and the establishment of new schemes for the trans-Balkan pipeline project, designed to transport oil and gas from Central Asia to the West.[/justify]

[justify]A policy shift in the Middle East[/justify]

[justify]Even after the attacks of September 11, 2001 and July 7, 2005, the dependence of the Americans and British to cheap fossil fuels to support the global capitalist expansion led them to deepen this alliance with the extremists.[/justify]

[justify]By the middle of the last decade, the Anglo-American military intelligence services began to supervise the funding provided by the Gulf states, led once again by Saudi Arabia, the Islamic extremist networks throughout the Middle East and Central Asia to counter the Iranian Shiite influence in the region. Among the beneficiaries of this enterprise were militant and extremist groups affiliated with Al Qaeda from Iraq to Lebanon via Syria, a true arc of Islamist terrorism.[/justify]

[justify]Once again, Islamic militants were involuntarily kept as agents of American hegemony face the emerging geopolitical rivals.[/justify]

[justify]As Seymour Hersh revealed in the New Yorker in 2007, this "reorientation" of the policy was to weaken not only Iran but also Syria, where the generosity of the United States and Saudi Arabia contributed to support the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood, among other opposition groups. Obviously, Iran and Syria were closely aligned with Russia and China.[/justify]

[justify]In Libya[/justify]

[justify]In 2011 NATO military intervention to overthrow the Gaddafi regime followed suit in strong support of Libyan mercenaries who were actually members of the official branch of al Qaeda in Libya.France has been offered would control 35% of the oil resources of Libya in exchange for his support for the insurgents.[/justify]

[justify]After the intervention, European oil giants, UK and US were "fully prepared to take advantage" of the "business opportunities", according to David Anderson, professor at the University of Oxford. Juicy contracts with NATO members were able to "liberate Western Europe from the grip of Russian producers who charge high prices and now dominate their gas supplies."[/justify]

[justify]Secret reports by the intelligence services showed that the rebels supported by NATO had close links with al-Qaeda. The CIA has also used Islamic militants to Libya to carry heavy weapons to rebels in the country.[/justify]

[justify]A 2009 report of the Canadian intelligence describes the rebel stronghold in eastern Libya as an "epicenter of Islamist extremism," from which "extremist cells" acted in the region.According to David Pugliese, whose remarks were included in the Ottawa Citizen is the same region that was "defended by a NATO coalition led by Canada." According to David Pugliese, the report of the intelligence services confirmed that "several Islamist insurgent groups" were based in eastern Libya and that many of these groups also "urged their followers to fight in Iraq." Canadian pilots even joked privately, saying if they were part of the air force al-Qaeda "to the extent that their bombing missions have helped pave the way for the rebels aligned with the terrorist group ".[/justify]

[justify]According to Pugliese, specialists Canadian intelligence services sent a premonitory over NATO's senior officers attention as of March 15, 2011, just days before the start of the intervention. "It is increasingly possible that the situation in Libya turns into a tribal war / long-term civil, was he wrote. This is especially likely if opposition forces receive military assistance from foreign armies."[/justify]

[justify]As we know, the intervention still occurred.[/justify]

[justify]In Syria[/justify]

[justify]Over the last five years at least, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the UAE, Jordan and Turkey have all made a considerable financial and military support to Islamist militant networks linked to al Qaeda that led the "Islamic state" that we know today. This support was provided as part of an anti-Assad campaign increasingly intense led by the United States.[/justify]

[justify]Competition to dominate the potential routes of regional pipelines through Syria and monitor untapped fossil fuel resources in Syria and the Eastern Mediterranean (at the expense of Russia and China) contributed significantly to motivate this strategy.[/justify]

[justify]Roland Dumas, former French Foreign Minister, revealed that in 2009 officials of the British Foreign Ministry had told him that the British forces were already active in Syria to try to foment rebellion.[/justify]

[justify]The operation which is ongoing has been closely monitored as part of a secret program still ongoing, coordinated jointly by the US military intelligence, British, French and Israelis. Public reports confirm that at the end of 2014, the support provided by the United States for fighting against Assad fighters stood, alone, about $ 2 billion.[/justify]

[justify]Such support for Islamist extremists is commonly regarded as a mistake, and the facts speak for themselves. According classified assessments of the CIA, the American intelligence agencies knew that the support to anti-Assad rebels led by the United States through its allies in the Middle East has always finished in the hands of the most vocal extremists . However, he continued.[/justify]

[justify]The year before the launch of the Islamic state to conquer campaign inside Iraq, Pentagon officials were also aware that the vast majority of "moderate" rebels of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) were in fact Islamic militants. As recognized leaders, it was increasingly impossible to establish a fixed boundary between the rebels called "moderates" and extremists linked to al Qaeda or the Islamic state due to the fluidity of interactions between these two components.[/justify]

[justify]Increasingly, frustrated fighters ASL joined the ranks of Islamist militants in Syria, not for ideological reasons but simply because of their greater military power. So far, almost all the rebel groups "moderate" recently trained and armed by the United States are being dissolved and defection, and their members never cease to move towards al-Qaeda and the Islamic state in the fight against Assad.[/justify]

[justify]In Turkey[/justify]

[justify]Thanks to a new agreement with Turkey, the United States are coordinating the continuous supply of military aid to the rebels "moderates" to combat Islamic state. Yet it is a secret that throughout this period, Turkey has directly sponsored al Qaeda and the Islamic State as part of a geopolitical maneuver to crush the Kurdish opposition groups and to break down Assad.[/justify]

[justify]Efforts have been made much "released" of Turkey to prevent the crossing of its territory by foreign fighters wishing to join the Islamic state in Syria. Ankara has recently responded by announcing arresting several thousand of them.[/justify]

[justify]These statements are imaginary: Turkey deliberately sheltered and fed the support for the Islamic state and al Qaeda in Syria.[/justify]

[justify]Last summer, the Turkish journalist Denis Kahraman interviewed a fighter Islamic State receiving medical treatment in Turkey; the latter said: "Turkey has paved the way. If Turkey had not been as understanding towards us, the Islamic state would not be where it is now. It [Turkey] showed affection towards us. Many of our mujahedeen [jihadi] have received medical treatment in Turkey. "[/justify]

[justify]Earlier this year, official documents of the Turkish Army (General Command of Gendarmerie) disclosed online and authenticated revealed that Turkish intelligence services (MIT) had been surprised by military officers while in Adana were being transported by truck missiles, mortars and anti-aircraft ammunition "to the al Qaeda terrorist organization" in Syria.[/justify]

[justify]The rebels 'moderate' ASL are involved in the Turkish-Islamic support network sponsored by MIT. One of them told the Telegraph that "now operates shelters in Turkey harboring foreign fighters seeking to join the Al-Nusra Front and the [Islamic state]."[/justify]

[justify]Political leaders have sought to draw attention to this, in vain. Last year, Claudia Roth, Vice President of the German Parliament, has expressed its dismay at the fact that NATO allow Turkey to host an Islamic state camp in Istanbul, facilitating arms transfers to Islamic militants across its borders, and tacitly supporting oil sales of the Islamic state. Nothing happened.[/justify]

[justify]The coalition led by the United States against the Islamic finance State Islamic state[/justify]

[justify]The US and Britain are not only remained strangely silent about the complicity of their coalition partner sponsoring the enemy. On the contrary, they have strengthened their partnership with Turkey and hotly cooperate with the same state-sponsor of the Islamic state to form the "moderate" rebels to fight against the Islamic state.[/justify]

[justify]This is not only Turkey that is in question. Last year, US Vice President Joe Biden said at a press conference at the White House that Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar and Turkey, among others, provided "hundreds of millions of dollars and tens of thousands of tons of weapons "to the" jihadist extremists elements of Al-Nusra Front and al Qaeda "as part of a" proxy war between Sunnis and Shiites. " Biden added that it was impossible, in all respects, to identify the rebels "moderates" in Syria.[/justify]

[justify]There is no evidence that this funding ran out. As recently as September 2014, even as the United States began to coordinate air strikes against the Islamic state, Pentagon officials revealed that they knew that their own coalition allies always financed the Islamic state.[/justify]

[justify]That same month, General Martin Dempsey, Chief of Staff of the armies of the United States, was questioned by Senator Lindsay Graham during a hearing of the Senate Armed Services Committee. When the latter asked him if he knew "a major ally Arab who embraces the ideology of the [Islamic state]," the person replied: "I know the major Arab allies that fund. "[/justify]

[justify]Despite this, the US government has not only refused to sanction the allies concerned but rewarded them by including them in the coalition that is supposed to fight this same extremist entity they fund. Worse, these same allies continue to be granted flexibility in the selection of fighters called to be trained.[/justify]

[justify]Key members of our coalition against the Islamic state bombard the Islamic state by air while sponsoring the group backstage at the full knowledge of the Pentagon.[/justify]

[justify]The arc of states defaulting Muslims[/justify]

[justify]Iraq and Syria, where the Islamic state was born, the devastation of where the company is following a protracted conflict situation can not be underestimated. The military invasion and occupation of Iraq by the West, with their share of torture and indiscriminate violence, played an undeniable role in paving the way for the emergence of an extreme reactionary policy. Before Western intervention, al Qaeda was totally absent from the country. In Syria, led by Assad's brutal war against its own people continues to justify the presence of the Islamic state and attract foreign fighters.[/justify]

[justify]The continuous supply with significant extremist Islamic networks of money and material resources to the tune of hundreds of billions of dollars (that nobody has yet been able to quantify all of them), coordinated by the same interconnection Western and Muslim governments, has had a profoundly destabilizing impact in the last half century. The Islamic state is the culmination surreal postmodern this sordid story.[/justify]

[justify]The Western coalition against the Islamic state in the Muslim world consists of repressive regimes whose domestic policies have increased inequality, legitimate dissent crushed, tortured peaceful political activists and fueled deep grudges. These same allies who financed the Islamic state, and continue to do so in the full knowledge of Western intelligence services.[/justify]

[justify]This, despite the escalation of converging crises in the region for a decade. Professor Bernard Haykel, of Princeton University, spoke on this subject: "I see the Islamic state as a symptom of a structural set of much deeper problems in the Sunni Arab world ... [It is ] connected with the policy. A particularly education and lack of education. A authoritarianism. A foreign intervention. The scourge of oil ... I think that even if the Islamic state were to disappear, the underlying causes at the origin of the Islamic state would not disappear. And these causes should be addressed by policies, reforms and changes carried out over several decades not only by the West but also by Arab societies. "[/justify]

[justify]Yet as we have seen with the Arab Spring, these structural problems have been exacerbated by a perfect storm of political crises, economic, energy and environmental interdependent, all broods by the deepening crisis of world capitalism.[/justify]

[justify]In a region plagued by prolonged droughts, failure of agriculture, a fall in oil revenues due to the local peak oil, corruption and economic mismanagement compounded by the neoliberal austerity, and so on , local states began to collapse. Iraq to Syria, Egypt, Yemen, this is the same interconnection between climate, energy and economic crises that defeated the governments.[/justify]

[justify]Alienation in the West[/justify]

[justify]Although the West is much more resistant to these interconnected global crises, persistent inequality in the United States, Great Britain and Western Europe, which have a disproportionate impact on ethnic minorities, women and children , worsen.[/justify]

[justify]In Britain, nearly 70% of Muslims from South Asian ethnic groups and nearly two thirds of children live in poverty. Just under 30% of young British Muslims aged 16 to 24 are unemployed. According to Minority Rights Group International, the situation of British Muslims in terms of "access to education, employment and housing" has deteriorated in recent years have improved instead.This decline was accompanied by a "disturbing increase in open hostility" expressed by non-Muslim communities and a growing propensity of police and security services to target disproportionately Muslims under the authority conferred on them as part of the fight against terrorism. The constant negative reporting in the media about Muslims, plus the legitimate frustrations caused by misleading and aggressive foreign policy in the Muslim world, create among British Muslims a sense of social exclusion associated with their identity.[/justify]

[justify]It is the combination of these factors has a destructive effect on the formation of identity, and not each of these factors taken separately. Only observed, poverty, discrimination, negative reporting about Muslims, and so on, do not necessarily make a person vulnerable to radicalization. However, together, these factors can forge a commitment to an identity marked by alienation, frustration and failure.[/justify]

[justify]The persistence of these problems, and their interaction can contribute to how Muslims in Britain from diverse backgrounds are beginning to see as a whole. In some cases, this may generate a rooted sense of separation, alienation and disillusionment with society in general. The effect of this exclusion identity on an individual depend on the specific environment, experiences and choices of the individual.[/justify]

[justify]Prolonged social crises can lay the foundations for the development of destructive and xenophobic ideologies. These crises undermine traditional moral certainty and stability rooted in the established notions of identity and belonging.[/justify]

[justify]While vulnerable Muslims might turn to gang culture or, worse, to Islamic extremism, vulnerable non-Muslims could adopt their own identity exclusion linked to extremist groups like the English Defence League, or other far-right networks.[/justify]

[justify]Among the groups most powerful elites, the sense of crisis can ignite militaristic neoconservative ideologies that purify the power structures in place, justifying the status quo, defending the flawed system that supports their power and demonize progressive movements and those of minorities.[/justify]

[justify]In this maelstrom, the injection of billions of dollars in Islamist extremist networks with a penchant for violence in the Middle East gives power to groups that previously lacked local support.[/justify]

[justify]While several converging crises and intensified while compromising the stability of the state and fueling greater frustrations, this massive influx of resources enjoyed by Islamist ideologues is likely to attract into the vortex of the xenophobic extremism people angry, alienated and vulnerable. This process concludes with the creation of monsters.[/justify]

[justify]Dehumanization[/justify]

[justify]While these factors have increased to critical levels this regional vulnerability, the role played by the United States and Britain after September 11, 2001 in the coordination of secret funding from the Gulf states to extremist Islamist militants around the region has poured oil on the fire.[/justify]

[justify]The links available to these Islamist networks in the West mean that national intelligence services have periodically closed their eyes to their followers and infiltrators in their own country, which has allowed them to grow, recruit and send candidates for jihad in 'foreign.[/justify]

[justify]This is why the western part of the Islamic state, although much smaller than the contingent of fighters who rallied the group from neighboring countries, remains largely impervious to any significant theological debate. They are not driven by theology, but by the insecurity of an identity and a fractured psyche.[/justify]

[justify]It is here, in carefully calibrated recruitment methods of the Islamic State and networks that support the organization in the West, we can see that the psychological indoctrination process has been refined over the years through training conducted under the supervision of Western intelligence services. These intelligence services have in fact always been intimately involved in the development of violent Islamist indoctrination tools.[/justify]

[justify]In most cases, the recruitment of the Islamic state is done by exposing individuals to carefully crafted propaganda videos, developed through advanced production methods and most effective of which are filled with real images of massacres by the power of Western fire against Iraqi civilians, Afghan and Palestinian or by Assad against Syrian civilians.[/justify]

[justify]Constant exposure to these horrible scenes of atrocities perpetrated by the West and Syria can often have an effect similar to what might happen if these scenes were experienced directly, namely a form of psychological trauma that can even cause post-traumatic stress.[/justify]

[justify]These sectarian propaganda techniques help fuel overwhelming feelings of shock and anger, which in turn are used to destroy reason and to dehumanize the "other." The dehumanization process is materialized with a perverted Islamist theology. What is important is not the authenticity of this theology, but its simplicity.This theology can work wonders on a psyche traumatized by visions of massive deaths and whose ability to reason is immobilized by rabies.[/justify]

[justify]Therefore the use of literalness pushed to the extreme and a full-contextualization is such a common feature of extremist Islamic teachings: in fact, for a credulous individual with little knowledge of Islamic scholarship, while at first sight this seems true in the literal level.[/justify]

[justify]Based on decades of erroneous and selective interpretation of Islamic texts by ideologues militants, the sources are extracted and carefully picked to justify the political program of the movement: a tyrannical rule, massive and arbitrary killing, subjugation and the subjugation of women, and so on; all elements that become integral to the survival and expansion of the "State".[/justify]

[justify]Since the main function of the introduction of extreme Islamist theological reasoning is to legitimize violence and punish the war, it is conjugated to propaganda videos that promise what the vulnerable rookie seems to lack, namely the glory , brotherhood, honor and the promise of eternal salvation, no matter what crimes or offenses may have been committed in the past.[/justify]

[justify]If you add to that the promise of power (power over their enemies power over Western institutions supposed to have eliminated their Muslim brothers and sisters, the power over women) and a religious habit and pious enough claims convincing, then the sirens of the Islamic state can become irresistible.[/justify]

[justify]This means that the ideology of the Islamic state is not the determining factor in its emergence, its existence and its expansion, although it is important to understand and refute. The ideology is merely the opium of the people it feeds and nourishes its potential disciples.[/justify]

[justify]Ultimately, the Islamic state is a cancer of modern industrial capitalism collapsing, a deadly byproduct of our unwavering dependence on black gold, a parasitic symptom of escalating civilization crises in the both the Muslim world and the Western world. As long as one does not tackle the root causes of these crises, the Islamic state and his ilk are not ready to disappear.[/justify]

[justify]Nafeez Ahmed | March 27, 2015[/justify]

[justify]Nafeez Ahmed is investigative journalist and bestselling author.Ph.D., he specialized in international security issues, examining what he calls "civilization crisis". He received an award from the organization Project Censored in the "Outstanding Investigative Journalism" category ("exceptional investigative journalism") for an investigative report published by the Guardian newspaper on intersection of global crises of ecological, energy and economic and conflict and regional geopolitics. He also writes for The Independent, Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, The Scotsman, Foreign Policy, The Atlantic, Quartz, Prospect, New Statesman, The New Internationalist anddiplomatic world. His work on the root causes and secret transactions relating to international terrorism has formally contributed to the establishment of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks against the United States of September 11, 2001 and the investigation Coroner attacks on July 7, 2005 in London.[/justify]

[justify]Photo caption: u n group the Islamic State of fighters (AFP PHOTO / HO / SITE INTELLIGENCE GROUP).[/justify]

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